Reasons for ending a lease for rented properties in France

Whether you are a tenant wishing to leave your home or a landlord wishing to recover the use of your property, terminating a lease is subject to strict regulations. Before investing in income properties in France, it is very important to have these reasons in mind to avoid any unpleasant surprises. Indeed, the conditions are very different from those in the UK or the US.

You are a tenant

A tenant can break a lease at any time. His decision to leave the premises must be notified to the estate agency or the owner by registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt or served by a bailiff.

On the date of receipt of this letter, the tenant must give three months’ notice, during which time he must pay the rent and charges, even if he is no longer occupying the premises.

Reduction of the notice period

In some cases, the notice period can be reduced to one month:

  • getting a first job
  • professional transfer
  • loss of employment
  • receiving RSA
  • tenants aged over sixty whose state of health requires them to change their place of residence

You are a landlord

To give notice to your tenant, a number of strict conditions must be met.

End of the rental agreement

The landlord can give notice to the tenant when the lease expires, making sure that a six-month notice period is respected.

In concrete terms, the landlord must notify the tenant of his intention not to renew the lease by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt or by bailiff, six months before the expiry date of the lease.

Otherwise, the lease is renewed tacitly.

Termination of the lease by an eligible reason

The landlord has the right to terminate the lease for a legitimate reason. This is particularly the case when the tenant has not fulfilled one of the obligations in the lease:

  • Failure to pay rent or charges
  • Failure to take out rental insurance
  • This is also the case when the tenant takes over the dwelling to live in it himself or to house his spouse, ascendants, or descendants.

A legitimate reason may also be the sale of the dwelling.

In this particular case, the landlord must offer the sale of the property to the tenant as a matter of priority, since the latter has a right of pre-emption.

In addition, the sale price must be notified in the termination letter, without the possibility of modifying it without notifying the tenant.